T h e U i g h u r s русский
S C I E N T I F I C E X P E D I T I O N S
T O E A S T E R N
T U R
K E S T A N 
period of history and culture of Central Asia remained unstudied up to the last
quarter of the 19th century. The Russian Geographical Society as well
as the Russian Committee for Study of Central Asia has dispatched a number of
scientific expeditions into Central Asia since the 1880’s. Those expeditions
made geographic maps of the region and performed archaeological, ethnographic
and other exploration.
Geographical Society sent five expeditions in Central Asia, headed by:
organized by the Russian Committee invaluably contributed in history and
cultures studies of Central Asia. They were lead by:
expeditions discovered important monuments
of pre-Muslim culture of Central Asia as well as great
number of manuscripts.
from other countries participated actively in research of Central Asia as well.
The manuscripts, found by the expedition are kept in museums of England and India.
The latter found in Dunghuang unique Chinese, Tibetan and
Indian manuscripts, which form the largest Dunghuang collection in the world
these expeditions brought out from Eastern Turkestan a huge amount of materials
related to culture, art, and history of the Uighur people who inhabited the
region from time immemorial. Today all these materials are kept in museums,
libraries and depositories in Russia, Germany, France, Great Britain, India,
Japan and other countries.
 Role of Hand-Written Book in Central Asian Culture of Pre-Islamic Period // Role of Hand-Written Book in Culture of the Peoples of Orient. Moscow, 1988, p.313 (In Russian)
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